A new rule could allow gas, firing squads at U.S. executions

The Department of Justice is quietly amending its enforcement protocols, no longer requiring the execution of federal death sentences by lethal injection, and clearing the way for other methods such as troop shots and toxic

WASHINGTON – The Department of Justice is quietly amending its enforcement protocols and no longer requiring federal death sentences to be executed by lethal injection and clarifying the way to other methods such as squad shooting and poison gas.

A Justice Department official said the change was made in light of the fact that the Federal Death Penalty Act provides for sentences to be carried out “in the manner prescribed by the law of the State of punishment” and that some such states use methods other than lethal injection.

The official told the AP that the federal government “will never execute a detainee by shooting or electric shock unless the state concerned itself has authorized this method of execution”.

The official said two executions scheduled for December were carried out by lethal injection, but did not provide information on three honors planned for January. The official spoke anonymously to the Associated Press to discuss internal department protocols.

The change is likely to provoke intense criticism from Democrats and Death Defenders as the Trump administration tries to push through a number of rule changes before Trump leaves office. A spokesman for Biden told the AP earlier this month that the president-elect is “opposed to the death penalty now and in the future” and is working to end its use. But he did not say whether the executions would pause immediately after Biden took office.

Attorney General William Barr resumed federal executions this year after a 17-year hiatus. This year, the Justice Department has killed more people than in the previous half century, despite the use of both Democrats and Republicans for public support.

States that use the death penalty allow lethal injection – and this is the primary method in all states where other methods are allowed – are evidenced by data compiled by the nonprofit Death Penalty Information Center. As it becomes increasingly difficult to obtain lethal injectable drugs, some states have begun to look for alternative ways to enforce death sentences. Alabama joined Oklahoma and Mississippi in 2018, approving the use of nitrogen gas to execute prisoners, allowing the state to suffocate convicted prisoners with gas in some cases.

In some states, inmates may choose how to execute them. In Florida, for example, an inmate can explicitly request to die from an electric shock, and in Washington, inmates can be asked to die by hanging. In Utah, prisoners convicted before May 2004 may choose to be killed by a shooting team. State laws there also allow the use of a shooting team if lethal injectable drugs are not available.

In July 2019, Barr said the review was complete, allowing executions to continue, and approved a new procedure for lethal injections that replaced a combination of three drugs previously used in federal executions with one drug, pentobarbital. A single drug protocol is similar to the procedure used in several states, including Georgia, Missouri, and Texas.

Before the Trump administration executed this year, the federal government has sentenced only three detainees to death since 1988. Although there has been no federal execution since 2003, until July, the Department of Justice continued to approve the indictment of the death penalty, and federal state courts continued to sentence the defendants to death.