According to the CDC panel, health workers and nursing homes will receive their first doses

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention panel voted 13-1 on Tuesday to give health workers and residents of long-term care facilities the first dose of coronavirus vaccine as it is used publicly.

There are roughly 21 million health workers and 3 million residents in long-term care facilities in the United States, according to a presentation by the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, an external group of experts advising the agency. Dr. Nancy Messonnier, director of the CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, said most states and local jurisdictions expect it to take three weeks to vaccinate all health workers. Pfizer and Moderna vaccines require two doses about a month apart.

The meeting will take place as states prepare for the distribution of a vaccine in two weeks. Moderna and Pfizer both applied to the Food and Drug Administration for emergency approval for their Covid-19 vaccines last month. The FDA review is expected to take a few weeks, and the agency has scheduled a meeting on Dec. 10 to discuss Pfizer’s license application.

Since the outbreak, scientists and infectious disease experts have debated who gets immunized first and how the limited first dose of the vaccine is distributed in the United States. Health and Human Resources Secretary Alex Azar told CNBC on Nov. 16 that by the end of the year, about 40 million doses of the vaccine would be available, enough to vaccinate about 20 million people, as the Moderna and Pfizer vaccinations require two shots.

Trump vaccine chief Moncef Slaoui said the entire 331 million U.S. population could be vaccinated against Covid-19 by June on Tuesday, and it could be enough to vaccinate nearly 8 billion people worldwide between the ages and the middle. 2022.

Read more: Trump Covid vaccine chief Slaoui says everyone in the US can be immunized until June

The side effects of the vaccine could put people off for about a day, company officials said. This prompted officials to recommend that health care facilities plan for workers to stay away from clinical care if they experience symptoms after vaccination.

About 10-15% of people report noticeable side effects from vaccines, says Dr. Moncef Slaoui, head of Operation Warp Speed, the Trump Administration’s Covid-19 vaccine program. People with side effects have reported redness and pain at the injection site, as well as fever, chills, muscle aches and headaches, he said on Tuesday, adding that most people have no noticeable side effects.

Read more: According to Tsar Trump Covid, side effects are “significantly noticeable” in 10-15% of recipients

Medical experts have previously advocated that health care workers be vaccinated first, followed by vulnerable Americans, including the elderly, people in pre-existing conditions, and basic workers. Children and young adults are expected to be vaccinated for the last time.

Although states do not have to follow CDC guidelines, it does provide them with a framework for work that many states accept, a spokesman for Dr. Alen Karab Landers, said in a recent telephone interview.

“This guide will be extremely useful because it will be science – based and will provide the framework as well to be able to ensure that our policies are in line with those recommended by the support staff, “he said. The Alabama Ministry of Public Health will follow these recommendations and we will certainly follow what ACIP recommends for vaccine administration. .

The committee defined healthcare workers as paid and unpaid people who serve in healthcare facilities and who have direct or indirect exposure to patients or infectious substances.

The group defined residents of long-term care institutions as adults living in facilities that provide a variety of services, including medical and personal care for people who are unable to live independently. According to the CDC, 6% of Covid cases and 40% of deaths are in individuals and individuals living in long-term care facilities in the United States.

During Tuesday’s discussion, CDC officials said there are currently no data on how pregnant women respond to Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, which all use messenger RNA or mRNA technology. According to the presentation at the meeting, about 75% of health care workers are women, 330,000 of them are pregnant. Officials said they want to provide further guidance on pregnant women after a full review of phase III study data.

Pharmaceutical manufacturers and states are preparing to distribute the vaccine from mid-December. The Federal Aviation Administration said it would support the “first mass airlift” of the vaccines on Friday. United Airlines shipped Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine from Brussels to Chicago O’Hare International Airport on Friday, people familiar with the case told CNBC.