Earth is closer to the supermassive black hole in the center of our galaxy than we thought

This map suggested that the center of the Milky Way and the black hole there were 25,800 light-years from Earth. This is closer to the official value of 27,700 light-years adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1985, the Japan National Observatory said.

A new type of black hole can be detected during a massive collision that sends gravitational waves with a “bang”

In addition, according to the map, our solar system is traveling at a speed of 227 kilometers per second while orbiting the galactic center – which is faster than the official 220 seconds per second value, the announcement added.

These updated values ​​are the result of more than 15 years of observation of the Japanese VERA radio astronomy project, according to a statement On Thursday, the National Observatory of Japan. The acronym VERA stands for VLBI Exploration of Astrometry, and refers to an array of mission telescopes that use very long baseline interferometry to explore the three-dimensional structure of the Milky Way.

Because the Earth is located within the Milky Way, it’s hard to step back and see what the galaxy looks like. To circumvent this, the project used astrometry, an accurate measurement of the position and movement of objects, to understand the general structure of the Milky Way and the location of the Earth.

They were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their discoveries of the black hole, which revealed the darkest secrets of the universe
The black hole is known as Sagittarius A * or Sgr A * and is 4.2 million times more massive than our sun. The supermassive hole and its huge gravitational field regulate the orbit of the stars in the middle of the Milky Way. Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery. There are several types of black holes, and scientists believe that supermassives may be linked to the formation of galaxies, as they are often at the heart of huge star systems – but it’s still unclear exactly how or which will form first.

A more precise approach

In August, VERA released its first catalog of 99 celestial objects. Based on recent observations from this catalog and other groups, astronomers have prepared a position and velocity map. From this map, scientists were able to calculate the center of the galaxy, the point around which everything revolves.

With the merging of the stars, a rare Blue Ring Nebula was formed

VERA combines data from four radio telescopes across Japan. The observatory said that when combined, the binoculars were able to achieve a resolution that would theoretically allow astronomers to spot a U.S. penny placed on the surface of the moon.

To be clear, the changes don’t mean the Earth will fall toward the black hole, the observatory said. Rather, the map more accurately identifies where the Solar System was.