Giuliani is said to have forgiven Trump

Two Giuliani staff members – Lev Parnast and Igor Fruman – were arrested in October 2019 as they prepared to take one-way tickets for a flight from Washington to Frankfurt. Mr Parnas and Fruman were accused of violating campaign finance laws as part of a complex system to undermine former US Ambassador to Kiev, Marie L. Yovanovitch, whom Giuliani and Trump believed they should have done more to put pressure on. the Ukrainians.

Manhattan prosecutors have further investigated Giuliani’s role in the system over the past year, focusing on whether he has pursued essentially a double immersion in seeking to remove the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine: not only for Mr. Trump, but also for Ukrainian officials who, according to informed people, they wanted to leave for their own reason.

It is a federal crime to try to influence the U.S. government at the request or instruction of a foreign official without disclosing their involvement. Mr Giuliani said he had done nothing wrong and had not registered as a foreign agent because he was acting on Trump’s behalf, not Ukrainians.

Even when Mr Trump claims the election has been stolen and is suing to delay its verification, he is preparing for the final stage of his White House presidency. The end of any administration usually triggers a wave of grace, especially when a term is mixed with contradictions like Mr. Trump’s, in which several people close to him are stuck in federal investigations.

“The power of grace has been used by many presidents in politically selfish ways, be it George HW Bush or Clinton,” said Jack L. Goldsmith, a professor at Harvard Law School, referring to how Mr. Bush pardoned six of his comrades. – including former Defense Minister Caspar W. Weinberger – for their role in the Iran v. case.

“Politically, Giuliani’s grace would be explosive,” Mr. Goldsmith added, “but they’ve been pardoned with buddies before.

Under the previous administration, presidents largely granted pardons after undergoing a formal review process at the Department of Justice, where attorneys reviewed convictions, discussed the consequences of possible pardons with prosecutors, and then made recommendations to the White House to move forward. . Trump has repeatedly opposed the recommendations of the Department of Justice and the advice of his own White House advisers, pardoned his political allies and celebrities.