The Supreme Court will use the census case as other census issues arise


WASHINGTON (AP) – President Donald Trump’s attempt to exclude people living illegally in the country from the population used to allocate convention seats is heading for a post-Thanksgiving Supreme Court settlement.

The chief advocates of the administration hope that the courts of a court in which three Trump appointees are included will accept the idea, which has been repeatedly rejected by the lower courts. This is the latest and probably the last Trump administration a hard-line approach to immigration issues in order to reach the Supreme Court. Telephone debates over the coronavirus epidemic are taking place on Monday.

Even if judges are considering an offer to remove millions of the population for the first time, which determines how many seats each state will receive in the House of Representatives, as well as the allocation of certain federal resources, experts say other issues will arise in the big 2020 target. census as it leads to an unregistered area in addition to deadlines, data quality and policy.

In addition to a possible court ruling, a number of new issues could determine the end product of the nation’s one-time headcount per decade, including whether the incoming Biden administration will try to reverse anything in reversing decisions made under Trump.

Among other questions: Will the Census Bureau be able to meet the year-end deadline for providing the numbers used for distribution, the process of allocating congressional seats among states? Does the shortened schedule, pandemics and natural disasters worsen the quality of census data? Can a House controlled by Democrats reject the Republican administration number if the leaders of the House believe they are at fault? Will a lame duck senate pass legislation that could extend the deadline for reversing the census number?

“There are so many moving parts that it turns your head,” said Margo Anderson, a professor of history at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

The first is unknown how the Supreme Court decides.

Federal courts In California, Maryland and New York, Trump’s plan ruled that it violated federal law or the Constitution, which requires “representatives to be distributed among several states according to their number, based on the total number of people living in each state”. The fourth court in Washington DC last week ruled that a challenge similar to the administrative plan was premature, an argument that was also made before the higher court.

“What Trump wants to do would be a radical break in this. The losers would not be individual people. Whole states and communities would lose their representation if undocumented members of these communities were cut out of the count used to divide the house. Said Dale Ho, a lawyer for the U.S. Civil Rights Association who will argue on behalf of immigration advocates and NGOs. advocacy groups in the Supreme Court case.

According to the administration, both the constitution and federal law allow the president to exclude “illegal aliens” from dividend counting.

“As history, precedent, and structure show, the president does not have to treat all illegal aliens as‘ residents ’of states, and thus allow their opposition to federal laws to distort the distribution of MPs,” wrote attorney Jeffrey Wall. .

The administration estimates that California could lose two to three home places if people living illegally in the country are expelled by the administration based on more than 2 million such California residents. But Ho noted that sharing house sessions could change much smaller numbers.

The Democrat-controlled House considered the argument that Trump’s plan would result in an unfair distribution of party political parties, the latest attempt to “manipulate the census in a novel and confusing way”. As part of a larger effort, the House made the president’s plan, which included an attempt blocked by the Supreme Court to add the issue of citizenship to the census for the first time in 70 years.

To be enforced, data processing of division numbers must take place while Trump is still in office, but an irregularity was reported this month. the data jeopardize the Census Bureau’s ability to hand over the numbers to the president by the 31 December deadline. Trump is said to have forwarded the numbers to Congress by January 10th.

But if data problems force a delay of up to three weeks, the Census Bureau would turn to a new president. President-elect Joe Biden will take office on January 20th.

“The Biden administration needs to look at the damage the Trump administration has left from redistribution and determine if accurate head counting can be used, including for everyone, regardless of nationality,” said Jeffrey Wice, an assistant professor at New York Law School. , who is an expert in census law and transfer.

A Biden campaign spokesperson did not respond to the email request.

Even if it happens at all times, the House, which will remain under democratic control next year, may reject the distribution numbers on the grounds that these are not what Congress asked the Republican administration to say, said Justin Levitt, a Loyola professor at Law School in Los Angeles.

“If the president translates something that is not credible, what they have been asked for, they do not have to accept it and pass it on to the states,” Levitt said.

The Census Bureau’s report on anomalies also underscores concerns about data quality epidemics. The time taken to correct errors and fill in data collection gaps was halved by the administration’s decision to meet the year-end deadline and accept Trump’s allocation schedule. The Census Bureau also faced difficulties caused by western fires and hurricanes along the Gulf Coast.

There is still a chance that the Senate will stifle some concerns if it agrees with the House to extend the population reversal. As the coronavirus spread in the spring, the Census Bureau requested an extension of Congress until the end of April 2021. The House has complied, but the law has gone nowhere in the Republican-controlled Senate after Trump issued his division order in July.

It’s not out of the question that the Senate could still extend the extension if either the Supreme Court rejects Trump’s plan or the Democrats take control of the Senate after the two January elections in Georgia.

One thing seems plausible: The current court case will not be the last legal battle in the 2020 census. Final split numbers have often been sued in recent decades.

– What would the census be without many lawsuits? said Terri Ann Lowenthal, a former congressional assistant specializing in census issues.

___

Schneider reported from Orlando, Florida.

___

Follow Mike Schneider on Twitter a https://twitter.com/MikeSchneiderAP and Mark Sherman in https://twitter.com/shermancourt