SEOUL, South Korea (AP) – North Korea opened its governing party’s first full congress five years ago, with leader Kim Jong Un acknowledging that his previous economic development plans had failed. Congress could be key, and it will happen in the same way as some experts see the most complete moment in Kim’s nine-year government.
The Labor Congress began on Tuesday, which Kim revived after a 36-year hiatus in 2016 when North Korea, one of the world’s poorest countries, faces what Kim called “huge challenges and hardships” by the economy. caused by epidemic border closures, natural disasters, and harsh U.S.-led sanctions to prevent the country from putting the finishing touches on its illegal nuclear-type missile program.
The meeting is being closely monitored and you may wish to send us a message in the United States. President Joe Biden, who will be inaugurated later this month. Biden called Kim a “bandit” and criticized his nuclear summit with President Donald Trump.
Here is some information about the biggest political event of the year in North Korea:
WHAT IS THAT?
The Congress is the main decision-making body of the Labor Party.
Kim, the party president, sets the most important day-to-day decisions with members of his inner circle, but the responsibilities of Congress include formulating new policies, reviewing previous projects, reviewing party rules, and reshaping the position of officials. .
This year’s Congress is the eighth since Kim’s grandfather, Kim Il Sung, held the first in 1945. Kim Il Sung was in six congresses before he died in 1994. His son, Kim Jong Il, who died in 2011, never held a congress. Some experts say Kim Jong Il’s “first in the military” policy undermines the Labor Party’s influence under his 17-year rule.
In 2016, Kim Jong Un revived Congress as part of its efforts to increase the party’s prestige and strengthen power. It was the first congress since 1980, four years before its birth. Kim will be 37 on Friday.
It is unclear how long this year’s congress will last. The 2016 congress lasted four days. It was five days in 1980 and 12 days in 1970.
WHY DO YOU KEEP NOW?
Under previous party rules, North Korea must hold a congress every five years, but the guidelines revised in 2010 do not specify how often it should be convened. Some experts say Kim needs such a big state meeting to create a new vision for the nation and strengthen public loyalty during a difficult period of government.
The annual closure of North Korea’s borders to protect against COVID-19 saw its trade volume fall by about 80% in the first 11 months of 2020 with its largest trading partner, China. Last summer’s typhoons and floods destroyed plants, houses and infrastructure in North Korea. Pyongyang said the U.S.-led sanctions against its atomic bomb program are aimed at “strangling and stifling” the country.
Kim struggled back with tears during a public speech on the party’s 75th anniversary in October when she thanked her people for enduring the triple blow to the economy.
“Currently, our country is the only one on this planet that faces (such) huge challenges and difficulties, such as dealing with an epidemic emergency and recovering from catastrophic natural disasters, when there is every shortage of harsh and long-lasting sanctions,” Kim said.
With a broken medical infrastructure and deep poverty, North Korea has taken the toughest antiviral measures in the world and claims to be coronavirus-free, a claim widely disputed by foreign experts.
Experts also say Kim has a high responsibility for economic troubles. Kim has repeatedly told his people that nuclear weapons are a “huge treasure sword” needed because of the persistent hostility of the United States. But in recent years, a number of high-profile weapons attempts aimed at triggering precision nuclear strikes in the U.S. homeland have led to tougher U.S.-led sanctions that experts say are gradually drying up North Korea’s foreign exchange reserves.
WHAT IS THE ITEM?
During the monthly congress, North Korea announced that it would announce new economic development goals for the next five years.
State media said on Wednesday that the congressional gathering is intended to “discuss and decide on a new line of struggle and strategic and tactical policies for radical progress in the development of the party and socialist construction.” According to an earlier statement by the Labor Party, its previous “national economic development goals are seriously delayed”.
Some observers say North Korea may be forced to set modest targets for this congress because it must continue to focus on the coronavirus. Others say North Korea, which recently completed an 80-day “productivity campaign,” may be pushing for more such campaigns to urge its people for an increased workforce.
During several speeches expected at the congress, Kim is likely to reiterate his commitment to his nuclear development program, but may indicate his willingness to contact the incoming Biden administration and rival South Korea. Kim’s state media, formerly calling Bident a “mad dog,” was silent about the next U.S. president’s election victory.
Other possible steps for Congress include the acquisition of a new high-ranking position by Kim, such as the title of “generalissimo” held by his late father and grandfather; his influential sister, Kim Yo Jong, could also be appointed a member of the powerful Politburo in order to strengthen the rule of the Kim family, experts say.